Rational nutrition – an essential condition of preservation of health, normal growth and development. According to the latest World Health Organization (WHO), the state of human health by only 15% dependent on organization of medical services at the same rate – from genetic traits, and 70% – from lifestyle and nutrition. Today there is no doubt that good nutrition depends not only on the energy value of food balanced diet of proteins, fats and carbohydrates, but also security in vitamins, trace elements and minerals. Vitaminodefitsitnye state now considers the World Health Organization in including the problem of starvation. Calculations show that the corresponding average power inputs of the modern human diet, even a balanced and diverse, deficient in most vitamins is 20-30%. Results population-based studies conducted by the Institute of Nutrition, show a very worrisome situation in recent years in Russia.
Have very inadequate intake and increasingly growing deficiency of vitamins (A, group B, C, E) and a number of micronutrients (iron, zinc, iodine), a large proportion of the population. Thus, the lack of B vitamins is detected in 30-40% of beta-carotene – more than 40%, vitamin C – in 70-90% of the subjects. While vitamin The combined deficit has character and is found not only in winter and spring, but in the summer-autumn period. The general situation can be viewed as a massive round . Given the need to not only mass, but also targeted the prevention of vitamin A deficiency among the population, it is advisable to allocate the following risk groups states: children and teenagers during the most intense growth; women using oral contraceptives; Senior Citizens; smokers; people who use high doses of alcohol; people with chronic illnesses or recently migrated acute bacterial and viral infections; women who adhere to a rigid diet; People with high physical activity, or congestion; people with high mental stress; pregnant women; vegetarians; children and adults with low socioeconomic level. Vitamins in foods and how they sohranitOsnovnym source of vitamins for humans is food. The content of vitamins in the diet can vary and depends on different reasons: the variety and types of products, methods and timing of their storage, the nature of technological processing of food, food choice and eating habits. Plays an important role of food.