INTRODUCTION the present text shows the performance of the social service in the mental health, as well as the relevance of the work of the social service in the institutions of mental health, as much with the users, as giving to social support its families. The initial axle for the accomplishment of this research was my experience as trainee in the Center of Psicossocial Attention, CAPS I of the city of ipueiras Cear. The mental health in Brazil has faced many difficulties to obtain the implantation of the politics that we have currently, where can cite the implantation of the Centers of Psicossocial Attention, as alternative to the desumano treatment the one that the people with mental upheavals in the psychiatric hospitals and lunatic asylums were submitted. The Psychiatric Reformation represents an excellent advance in the practical ones in mental health, over all had the act of contract of new Social Assistants, standing out the importance to establish an effective citizenship for the users of the net of mental health. The improvements that have occurred in the area of mental health since the movement of the Psychiatric Reformation in them allow to believe that still it will have an effective change in the assistencial model aiming at to improve the quality of life of the people with mental upheavals and its reinsero in the way of its family and of the society. The Units of mental health have worked in set with the families for the whitewashing of the psychiatric patients, where we can detach the valorosa participation of the Social Assistant in the process of awareness of the families to accept the person with mental upheaval in its familiar conviviality, as part of the therapeutical plan. Still it has a long way to cover. We perceive that the psychiatric legislation protection and welfare have implemented new politics it of the person with mental upheavals, aiming at its protection and recovery.
The concept or thought that if had of preservation was restricted, whose proposals were directed and defended only by the capitalist countries with the intention to limit the development of the underdeveloped countries. Such interests produced an image distorted of the call preservation, therefore, any proposal that restricted its activities had as intention to limit the development of its country. These defended that the futures of its native land depended on workmanships whose development harmed the environment. The interest biggest that was in game was the consumption stimulated mainly for the capitalist system of production. Today if it speaks very in a new form of economic development, called sustainable development or auto-supported development, that is gotten when all the natural resources are preserved, that is, a not-predatory development. This new concept of development demands a great change in the behavior and styles of life, in the standard of consumption and production.
Therefore all the areas of the knowledge need to direct its interests for the sustainable development requiring a holistic boarding, to interdisciplinar respecting the differences and conserving identities to live a life without borders, are of orders geographic, cultural, religious and ethnic politics. 2 DIFFICULTY OF PRESERVATION X ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT 2,1 Difficulty of Preservation Since the sprouting of the man in the land has needed a perfect interaction with same and its constituent elements, and this interaction, mainly as half of survival, became each time more conflicting, associated to the human development and the social growth it consequently allowed to its magnifying to the domain of the elements of the nature and the intensity and extension of the ambient impacts. The human being in all its history of life dominated the resources. This capacity to dominate and to modify the environment using the natural resources in its proper one I benefit is what it distinguishes to them from the excessively animal ones.