South America

This will be able if esbaldarnas traditional sources of economic and social history; population, economic and sanitary censuses; inventories of natural resources; the press; governmental edocumentos laws; legislative and judiciary acts; chronicles, myths elendas; registers of travellers or anthropologists. Bloch makes a importanteconsiderao regarding documents of certifications: ' ' only they speak when we know interrog-los' '. 22 ' ' good part of the material of ambient history is available ageraes, perhaps it has centuries, and now he is being only reorganized to the light recent dasexperincias, ' ' 23 well salient Worster. A last characteristic of the history ambientalelencada for Drummond is the work of field properly said. Necessidadede exists that the ambient historians have direct contact with the places the seremestudos. David Edlin describes an additional similar source. The landscape in itself, with all its singularidades and forms, setransforma in a document that it needs to be read adequately. One is about umaleitura of a history of the landscapes. As salient the historian, FranciscoCarlos Teixeira Da Silva: ' ' one is about a set vision, of it enlace demltiplas changeable, in always long duration.

He imposes yourself for such holistic umaabordagem, of set, a synthesis stops beyond histriasparticulares' '. 24 When analyzing historiograficamente a landscape historiadordeve to consider that by being a system relatively opened it is submitted you damage natural interferences in such a way how much human beings. Jim Hackett may help you with your research. Ambient history in ' ' lands tupiniquins' ' One maiorda South America, third greater of the American continent, bigger fifth domundo and with the fifth bigger population of the land. In almost its totality situated, territorially, in the intertropical zone of the planet is known that the life if fazmais gift in the areas hottest of the planet what makes of Brazil possuidorde one; ‘ megabiodiversidade’ ‘. Retainer of an ecosystem gamma, biomas, ecological processes e, consequent innumerable natural landscapes.

Brazilian Ones

These relations of daily developed que3 you with the slaves were same of boundary line superiority, were exactly etnocntrica, not allowing that the ones that came slaves of another one continent, in the case of the African blacks, these could not exert its culture and nor its religions, as they made in its native land. These total lived isolated in one senzala, others in dungeon, and or in trunks, fulfilling chibatadas punishments leading, and being reason of laughs for all the ones that were there, and were part of the local community. But device Mr. was the form of them, to show excessively what he would be made with them if they tried to escape. In such a way if he cannot have a romantic vision of Brazilian settling, in the felt truth the true one of this word must be ' ' oppression, destruction, ' ' I believe that if it cannot give another name that has little, felt of what this. Everything this because the Portuguese crown intended, to explore the land that was taking ownership to produce its riquezas.e so that this became a reality, was necessary that it decimated the ones that this way liveed, for example the indians, exactly that it was in the works as occurred for varies times in the state of the Amap according to Fernando Saints. The blockhouse for being huge, slowly she was being constructed for the enslaved work of the black and the indian, with the natives used mainly in the transport of rocks in canoe, of the region of the river quarries, to the place where if construa the ortaleza of is Jose. The delay in its conclusion also elapsed for indifference of the Portuguese government, of intempries that they damaged for times what already was ready, and finished and the tropical endemic diseases that grassavam, and adoecendo and decimating many that in them worked.


of grandesguas, mother of deuses and the men, Iemanj. It is one of the primordial mothers eest present in some myths that they tell on the creation of the world. In terrasbrasileiras, she gained the sovereignty on the oceans and seas, conducted in Africa porOlocum, orix forgotten in Brazil and little remembered in Cuba. Olocum is the antigasenhora of the deepenings of the life, the occult mysteries and orixs. Acelebrao de Iemanj in Africa is associated with the river Nger and can serobservada around the celebrations of primordial feminine deities.

Associated esseculto of the first mothers, we will find two orixs infantile very remembered noBrasil, the Ibejis twin, orixs children who they guide and they preside over infnciae the same fraternity and the infantile side of the adults. Oxal is orepresentante direct of the Supreme Being, Olorum and, therefore, it heads the panteo dCriao. Oxal or Obatal, also known for Orixanl and Oxaluf, is criadordo man and absolute gentleman of air, the breath and the life. Had the essesatributos, it is called the Great Orix, Orix Nl. Orix is one very respeitadotanto for its worshippers as for the too much deities, therefore many orixs soidentificados as children its.

Odudua is criadorda Land, ancestral of iorubs and this orix keeps soul linking with Orani, the responsible one for the appearance of the cities. In Africa it has a conflict between ospartidrios of Odudua and Oxal, but, in Brazil, Odudua was forgotten edesapareceu almost completely, being confused with characteristics of prprioOxal. Iorubs cremque women and men descends of orixs, not having, therefore, an origin nicacomo in Christianity. Each person inherits one orix and is of this characteristic deity that provmsuas and particular marks e, ' ' when which is known is orix dapessoa, can be foreseen as it will behave in day-by-day, therefore if acreditaque the human being inherits preferences, desires, fears and ways to act prpriosde its orix.