This idea of the use of the fototerapia device appeared in the decade of 1950 for the comment of a nurse, J. Ward, head of the Unit of prematures of a hospital in England (ARONE, 2003; FREITAS, 2001). the use of the treatment of the fototerapia in Brazil was initiated in 1960 espelhado one in the English model through the hematologista doctor, Dr. Cindy Crawford is the source for more interesting facts. escribes an additional similar source. Humberto Coast Blacksmith, of the College of Medicine of So Paulo (RODRIGUES et al., 2007). Fields (2003) relate that, for the mother who visits the UIN for the first time, to see the RN with the eyes vendados under intense and continuous light, can seem frightful or, at least, stranger, in accordance with its perception in relation to the treatment, its risks and benefits. In this manner, as they relate Ikezawa and Kakehashi (1995), ' ' not receiving adjusted information, nor the necessary emotional support, the parents finish for if moving away consequently from the UTI – Neonatal and, them its filhos' '. One searchs to establish a new vision of a work of humanistic matrix, whose theoretical referencial is based on the Theory of Humanistic Nursing of Paterson and Zderard.
2 2,1 OBJECTIVES Generality To describe the perceptions of the mothers of children submitted to the fototerapia and to analyze them front to the theory of Humanistic Nursing. 2.1.1 Specific? To carry through a bibliographical survey on the subject; To evaluate the degree of knowledge of the mothers, on the treatment of its son in fototerapia; To analyze the consequences for the mother, when it does not have a humanizada assistance. 3 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL REVISION 3,1 Historical Aspects of the Fototerapia Has many decades, the American natives had observed that the RN displayed to the solar light diminuam the yellowish coloration in its skin. In 1956, sister J. Ward, in charge nurse well-taken care of them of the Unit of premature babies of the General Rochford Hospital in Essex, England, showed to pediatras premature, ictrico, yellow a baby pale, except in a triangular area in which the yellow one was more intense of what in the other regions of the body.
Probably she had changes in some practical alimentary, and the people can be if exercising less in the work, moreover, the situation is more serious for the women and mainly when they are in the gestacional period, therefore in this A stage the woman for feeling bothering proper of the guided gestation if does not finish for having an alimentary disequilibrium. The feeding of the gestante is basic in such a way for the health of the mother how much for the health of concepto. An inadequate feeding in this phase can in such a way provoke innumerable complications for the gestante how much for the embryo (BRAZIL, 2001a). The word diet is used to indicate what a person eats, many times this word with an adjective is used that it indicates that type of constitutes it to foods, or some characteristics of these. For Ferr (2003), the diet is balanced when this person obtains or keeps one weight adequate its age, sex physical constitution.
I contend the amount of necessary calories, distributed in all the types of foods so that if it does not produce no lack nutritional or excess of some you substantiate that many times finish accumulating itself as fat. As well as the too much cycles of the life, the gestation is a special period, and as such needs attention and the redoubled nutricionais cares, therefore the feeding of the mother will go to determine the general development of the embryo (MELO 2005). During the gestation, the women need to ingest a well balanced feeding, with enough calories and that she contains a variety of alimentary groups. The profit of weight above of the waited one can place the baby in bigger risk to develop infection, illness, incapacity and even though life risk. (NICOTERI and FARREL, 2005). On the basis of Smaltzer, Bare (2005), the nutricional conscience helps to understand the importance of an adjusted diet, that supplies all the required nutricionais necessities.
He must have a team to multidiscipline that he promotes dynamic and systemize attention, material and sophisticated equipment, beyond knowledge technician – scientific. Recognition and valuation are necessary to point out for the professional valuation as basic point for the desencadeamento of any process of work that if intends to humanizar, remembering that the independent people desire to work in organizations that give return to them for dedicao4. Consideraes general the disease lived deeply for a person does not affect only its physical condition, therefore when the patient is admitted in the Unit of Intensive Therapy, it loses bond with its familiar ones, the society where it lives and it starts to coexist strange people daily, this finishes generating in the patient a great one estresse emotional. Therefore professional of nursing together with its team must deal with the patient holistic way, that is, to also understand the patient through its gestures and expressions, thus creating an approach with this patient and its family, these actions generates a positive reply to the treatment. The professional must offer to a humanizado attendance many times the concern with the administrative aspects of the care consumes good part of the time of the nursing professional, this finishes making it difficult this assistance, however she is possible during the execution of its techniques to offer an attendance sensetized and humanizado without leaving of side its ethical position, remembering that each patient must have its individuality and privacy respeitados3. The professionals prioritize the technological attendance the technological attendance influence in the quality of the assistance for the fact to offer precision, rapidity and security in the diagnosis of the illness, thus increasing the supervened one of the patient, this the times finishes distanciando the health team them familiar patients and, the technology must be used as mediating, favoring and improving the care to the patient in the UTI, the professionals of nursing they do not have to be worried only about the pathological problems of the patient, but also they must be worried about the psicossociais, ambient and familiar questions of this patient.
The embolism is produced a time that one has broken or one pieces trombo bigger if trombo separates of one mural, being able to happen in places as the heart or a proximal artery and if it lodges distalmente in a point where the diameter of the vase has the diminished size, of this I form trombo circulating more will not obtain to cross arterial light (GOLDMAN; AUSIELLO, 2005). A time that has interruption of the sanguineous flow in a portion of the brain or the reduction of the same, the survival of this fabric at risk will depend on some factors modificadores as the collateral availability of circulation, the time of the isquemia and the rapidity of the reduction of the flow. Factors these that go to determine the localization of the injury, its size and consequently, clinical deficiency (KUMAR; ABBAS; FAUSTO, 2005). One knows that two main types of decurrent acute ischemic injury of the reduction of the sanguineous flow in the fabric exist cerebral: Global cerebral Isquemia (hipxica ischemic encefalopatia/) that it occurs when has a generalized reduction of the cerebral perfuso, as in the cardiac arrest, has shocked and severe hipotenso. Focal cerebral Isquemia that if follows to the reduction or the interruption of the sanguineous flow for a located area of the brain because of the illness of the great vase (as well as the trombtica or emblica arterial occlusion, frequent in the scene of aterosclerose) or to the illness of the small vases (as well as the vasculite or the secondary occlusion to the arteriosclerticas injuries sights in the hipertenso) (KUMAR; ABBAS; FAUSTO, 2005, P. 1426). The cause enters most common and patognese of the ischemic BIRD is aterosclerose, embolism of cardiac origin that can be trombos walls, cardiopathy to valvar, arrhythmias and paradoxical embolism. Goldman and Cuisiello (2005) they agree that, it can be standed out that the riot most common to lead to a BIRD is the formation of ateromas what consequentemente of the beginning to one aterosclerose.
It is an inexhaustible medicine source new even for new illnesses. At the beginning of years 80, it appears the first cases of HIV/AIDS in the world and in Brazil, the official or farnacopico treatment until today existing in the market is retrovirais. Its you formulate are proven identified for the generic name. In the last times with the high cost of the medication of HIV/AIDS that leave around R$ 6000,00 for patient. In Brazil the SUS supplies, but in other regions as of Africa Subsaariana not. The paper of the medicinal plants in the society is very not known, but it knows that gift becomes, as it is what here it is looked to develop.
The existing causes for mortal illnesses as the AIDS are the advent of the HIV /AIDS for being incurable made the people to search aid in other sources of treatment, but the discredit in the Medicine for the interminable lines in the SUS (Only System of Health), the disinterest of the doctors for the patients since it more than deals with the illness what of the sick person. The HIV/AIDS is a world-wide pandemic with 40 million in the whole world. Unhappyly until nowadays it is incurable, being able with the development of the opportunist illnesses. Nowadays although all the advance of the Medicine Occidental person because of illnesses as HIV/AIDS, to be an incurable illness many looks other forms of alternative treatment as Floral of Bach and the homeopatia. But until today science it does not recognize them with being able efficient in the treatment of HIV/AIDS, on the other hand the fitoterapia and Acumputura yes in some patologias not in the HIV/AIDS. In this work if it withheld, but in the Fitoterapia for the importance between patients, therefore for the patients look who it they are motivated by the treatment is of low cost to take care of the populations more devoid as they are the proposals of the SUS (Only System of Health) to extend its use to all but these ideas had unhappyly not left the paper and would be interesting and important if some of them could be used in treatment HIV/AIDS.