This idea of the use of the fototerapia device appeared in the decade of 1950 for the comment of a nurse, J. Ward, head of the Unit of prematures of a hospital in England (ARONE, 2003; FREITAS, 2001). the use of the treatment of the fototerapia in Brazil was initiated in 1960 espelhado one in the English model through the hematologista doctor, Dr. Cindy Crawford is the source for more interesting facts. escribes an additional similar source. Humberto Coast Blacksmith, of the College of Medicine of So Paulo (RODRIGUES et al., 2007). Fields (2003) relate that, for the mother who visits the UIN for the first time, to see the RN with the eyes vendados under intense and continuous light, can seem frightful or, at least, stranger, in accordance with its perception in relation to the treatment, its risks and benefits. In this manner, as they relate Ikezawa and Kakehashi (1995), ' ' not receiving adjusted information, nor the necessary emotional support, the parents finish for if moving away consequently from the UTI – Neonatal and, them its filhos' '. One searchs to establish a new vision of a work of humanistic matrix, whose theoretical referencial is based on the Theory of Humanistic Nursing of Paterson and Zderard.
2 2,1 OBJECTIVES Generality To describe the perceptions of the mothers of children submitted to the fototerapia and to analyze them front to the theory of Humanistic Nursing. 2.1.1 Specific? To carry through a bibliographical survey on the subject; To evaluate the degree of knowledge of the mothers, on the treatment of its son in fototerapia; To analyze the consequences for the mother, when it does not have a humanizada assistance. 3 BIBLIOGRAPHICAL REVISION 3,1 Historical Aspects of the Fototerapia Has many decades, the American natives had observed that the RN displayed to the solar light diminuam the yellowish coloration in its skin. In 1956, sister J. Ward, in charge nurse well-taken care of them of the Unit of premature babies of the General Rochford Hospital in Essex, England, showed to pediatras premature, ictrico, yellow a baby pale, except in a triangular area in which the yellow one was more intense of what in the other regions of the body.