Epilepsy is a disorder that has become increasingly common for owners of pets while frequently affects the health of dogs and cats. This disorder is characterized by seizures that occur intermittently and range in severity from mild to severe. Seizures are caused by abnormal electrical disturbances in the brain. Neurons, also called nerve cells in the brain send and receive electrical impulses in the body that interferes with normal brain processes. Consequently, your pet will lose control of their muscles and experience the jerking, twitching, hitting and beating of the movements.
Seizures can affect animals once in their lifetime or occur regularly. When more than one seizure occurs within 24 hours, is called cluster seizures while three or more or one that lasts more than 30 minutes are known as status epilepticus. It is imperative that you consult your veterinarian immediately if your pet exhibits any signs of epilepsy so that he can receive medical care. Several types of epilepsy seizure types that differ in intensity. Epileptic seizures can be classified into generalized or partial episodes: Generalized seizures occur frequently in dogs and cats and there are a number of variations. Seizures "grand mal" are the most common in cats and dogs. It begins with the loss of consciousness and the contraction of skeletal muscles. This makes the animal fell on its side with its members extended and head back – known as the tonic phase. During the tonic phase, the animal may drool excessively, experience loss of bowel and bladder, and vomiting.